Artykuły

  • Impact of Women and Independent Directors on Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance: Empirical Evidence from an Emerging Economy

    Wang, C.; Deng, X, Álvarez-Otero, S.; Sial, M.S.; Comite,U.; Cherian, J.; Oláh, J. Impact of Women and Independent Directors on Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance: Empirical Evidence from an Emerging Economy. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6053. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116053

    Abstract

    The purpose of our study is to investigate the impact of women and independent directors on corporate social responsibility and financial performance. We use the fixed effect regression model as a baseline methodology. The data set includes information from 2010 to 2019 regarding Chinese non-financial companies, from which we use yearly information. The RSK rating is used for the assessment of corporate social responsibility reporting, ranging from 0 to 100, and other data are taken from the China stock market and accounting research (CSMAR) database. We use a two-stage least square (TSLS) regression model to control the possible problem of endogeneity. The empirical results show that gender diversity in boards significantly and positively affects CSR reporting. We do not find an effect due to non-executive directors on CSR reporting. The presence of non-executive directors on a board is mostly trivial in the case of China, as they do not have much influence with regard to decision making, especially related to CSR reporting. The control variables, such as board size, board member meeting frequency and leverage, are also found to have a significant effect on CSR reporting. Therefore, our results add a new aspect to the emerging literature on CSR reporting, especially in China. Furthermore, our results are robust with regard to the alternative variables under consideration. Our study has important implications. Our research enriches the existing literature on CSR and highlights the importance of female and independent directors having an impact on decisions related to the increased reporting of CSR activities. Our study contributes to the existing literature by presenting a pioneering investigation of the effect of female and independent directors on CSR reporting, as well as shedding light on the relationship in the context of an emerging economy.

    Keywords: female directors; independent directors; CSR reporting; corporate governance; China

    Full text: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/11/6053/htm

  • What Does It Take to Be a Good Lawyer? The Underpinnings of Success in a Rapidly Growing Legal Market

    Bialowolski, P.; Weziak-Bialowolska, D. What Does It Take to Be a Good Lawyer? The Underpinnings of Success in a Rapidly Growing Legal Market. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5841. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115841

    Abstract:

    The study identified the principal professional domains leading to success in legal professions. Based on a sample of 300 Polish attorneys, with the use of confirmatory factor analysis and 22 specific items, four principal domains of success were discerned—professional skills, marketing skills, reputation, and ethics. The evolution of these domains in Poland between 2005 and 2017 was examined, revealing that the importance of marketing skills significantly increased, while the remaining three domains lost importance over the study period. The results also indicated that legal professionals were more inclined to value professional skills, marketing skills, and ethics when their clients had an ability to measure the quality of legal service provided. The same domains transpired as important for lawyers, who attributed high importance to the role of the bar.

    Keywords: legal service quality; sustainable success in legal professions; efficient service provision; structural equation modelling; market growth

    Full text: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/11/5841/htm

  • Analysis of Family Engagement in the Evaluation of Organisational Effectiveness in Family Businesses

    Szczepańska-Woszczyna K., Hyss K., Czart P, (2020) Analysis of Family Engagement in the Evaluation of Organisational Effectiveness in Family Businesses. European Research Studies Journal. Volume XXIII, Special Issue 2, pp. 962-972.,
    DOI: 10.35808/ersj/1909

     

    Anstract

    Purpose: This elaboration features an attempt of describing the research sample’s uniformity and estimating the average engagement of family members in the family business’ functioning (hereinafter referred to as family engagement). The study’s context was based on a set of organisational effectiveness factors (identified independent variables) and an evaluation of their significance. In this paper, the effectiveness is deemed as the engagement of family members in the functioning of family businesses. Methodology: The paper presents the results of surveys conducted among 200 Polish family businesses with registered seats in two voivodeships. Organisational effectiveness was measured in terms of 8 key analysis fields identified. Findings: The paper presents the results of own research on organisational effectiveness in family businesses. It especially confirmed the alternative hypothesis that the dependent variable, i.e. family engagement, in terms of evaluating 8 independent variables using statistical tests, does not have a normal distribution. Practical Implications: The obtained results provide the basis for selection and future use of advanced statistical tests enabling the verification of a substantial dependency between the dependent variable (e.g. family engagement) and the independent variables identified within organisational effectiveness fields. Originality/Value: The conducted study supplements the knowledge on strategic management by specifying a set of family member engagement factors in family businesses. When analysing the widespread phenomenon of organisational effectiveness in family businesses, the authors analysed family engagement in terms of the effectiveness’ studied variables.

    Keywords: Family business, organisational effectiveness, engagement of family member

    Full text: https://www.ersj.eu/journal/1909

     

  • Nepotism and Favouritism in Polish and Lithuanian Organizations: The Context of Organisational Microclimate

    Vveinhardt, J., Sroka W., (2020). Nepotism and Favouritism in Polish and Lithuanian Organizations: The Context of Organisational Microclimate. Sustainability. 12. DOI: 10.3390/su12041425

     

    Anstract

    The phenomena of ‘nepotism’ and ‘favouritism’ are frequently observed in contemporary business, being usually associated with corruption in the public sector and the abuse of public resources. The phenomena, however, have an international scale and no country and sector of the economy are free of them. Given these facts, our paper identifies the attitude of Lithuanian and Polish employees to it in the context of revealing the organizational microclimate. Our analysis is done in relation to three basic aspects: a) Sector (public vs. private), b) gender (male vs. female) and c) five different age groups. Our research sample involved 337 respondents (Poland-PL, N = 164 and Lithuania-LT, N = 173) representing public (PL and LT, N = 119) and private (PL and LT, N = 218) sector organizations. A closed-type questionnaire was used in the survey. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed by its high psychometric characteristics. Several research methods, including factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha, Spearman–Brown, factor loading and total item correlation were used in our study. The results show that there are both similarities as well as differences between the organizations analysed. As far as the private vs. public sector is concerned, in Poland, manifestation of nepotism in principal does not differ in private and public organizations, unlike in Lithuanian organizations, where a worse situation is recorded in public sector organizations. In turn, comparing employees’ attitudes by their gender, it was identified that there were more similarities than differences between Poland and Lithuania in four subcategories. Finally, comparing employees’ attitudes by their age, it was identified that the least number of statistically significant differences was identified in two age groups: 18–24 years old and over 51.

    Keywords: nepotism; favouritism; organizational microclimate; public and private sector; Poland; Lithuania

  • A comparative study of low-level management s attitude to marketing and innovations in the luxury fashion industry: pro - or anti-CSR?

    MacGregor  R., Sroka W., MacGregor Pelikanova, R. (2020), A comparative study of low-level management s attitude to marketing and innovations in the luxury fashion industry: pro - or anti-CSR? Polish Journal of Management Studies 21(2), 240-255  DOI: 10.17512/pjms.2020.21.2.17 

     

    Abstract

    The senior management of several luxury fashion businesses proclaim a commitment to sustainability and an engagement in all CSR categories. However, how is this projected in the lower levels of management, i.e. do ‘low-level’ managers exercise their marketing and innovations tasks in a manner compatible with the proclaimed CSR? An investigative pioneering case study of the attitude of the low-level management of top luxury fashion businesses in Prague reveals that their marketing and innovation endeavours have very little in common with the CSR strategies and priorities set officially for the business. The comparative holistic Meta-analysis of three rounds of interviews points to critical problems generated by both systematic and individual deficiencies of the lower level managers that lead to their reduced knowledge and/or interest towards linking the marketing and innovation functions with CSR commands. This new discovery of the asymmetry of the attitude to marketing and innovations has strong implications for management research at the academic level, as well as for the practical drive for a more effective and efficient management. In this paper, the 1st objective identified rather a satisfactory attitude of owners and senior managers, but the 2nd investigative objective showed that low-level management often has a reduced knowledge and/or interest in linking the marketing and innovation functions with CSR best practice. The differences across even the same groups, as well as other intrinsic data proposed with respect to the 3rd objective suggest that the causes for such a deplorable situation are both systematic and individual. The consequences include a loss of clientele. It is amazing that luxury fashion businesses with such developed CSR statements and advertised marketing and innovation actions linked to basically all CSR categories have front-line employees, including managers, who do not share such commitments, and, instead, excessively go into auxiliary aspects and ultimately frustrate CSR approaches.

    Key words: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), luxury fashion, management, sustainability

    Full article: http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-3ae7bfa6-a2c1-4e64-86a4-44a1feda6eee

     

  • Organizational learning, organizational resilience and the mediating role of multi-stakeholder networks: A study of Egyptian academics.

    Mousa M., Abdelgaffar H.,  Chaouali W., Aboramadan M. (2020). Organizational learning, organizational resilience and the mediating role of multi-stakeholder networks: A study of Egyptian academics. Journal of Workplace Learning. ahead-of-print. DOI: 10.1108/JWL-05-2019-0057.

     

    Abstract

    This paper aims to focus on academics in three private foreign universities located in Cairo (Egypt) to explore the influence of organizational learning (OL) on the level of organizational resilience of academics with and without the mediating effect of a multi-stakeholder network.

     

    Design/methodology/approach The authors used a comprehensive count sampling in which every academic was handed a questionnaire form to fill. This led to a decrease in the likelihood of research bias. In total, the authors distributed 960 questionnaire forms and collected 576 completed questionnaires, which is almost more than 60% of the total population. The authors used structural equation to determine the effect of OL on academics’ level of organizational resilience. The same equation was later used to assess the mediating role of the multi-stakeholder network on the aforementioned relationship. Findings The findings highlight a statistically significant influence of OL on academics’ level of organizational resilience. Moreover, the results revealed the significant role of the multi-stakeholder network in mediating the relationship between OL and organizational resilience.

     

    Originality/value This paper contributes by filling a gap in human resource management and organization literature in the higher education sector, in which empirical studies on the relationship between OL, multi-stakeholder networks and organizational resilience have been limited until now.

    Full text: https://bit.ly/357Unsa

     

  • How workplace fun is experienced in the banking sector? A qualitative study.

    Mousa, M. (2020). How workplace fun is experienced in the banking sector? A qualitative study. Employee relations DOI: 10.1108/ER-04-2020-0156

     

    Abstract

    Purpose –This paper aims to investigate how workplace fun is experienced in two public Egyptian banks byaddressing the employees working there.

     

    Design/methodology/approach –To investigate workplace fun in the selected banks, the author employed virtual ethnographic field research by spending two weeks (virtually and full-time) inside each of the two selected public banks. Besides this virtual ethnographic experience, the author employed semi-structured interviews and focus groups with the bank employees. Moreover, the author digitally examined documents
    such as posters, cartoons, brochures and a WhatsApp group. A total of 188 respondents were contacted and involved in eight semi-structured interviews and 36 focus groups. All interviews and focus groups were conducted in Arabic, the mother tongue of all respondents. The author subsequently used thematic analysis to determine the main ideas in the transcripts.


    Findings –The findings confirmed that workplace fun has not been carefully understood, developed and sustained in the selected public Egyptian banks. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this study is the first of its kind in the context of a developing nation to focus on workplace fun,and subsequently, it is the first to address the banking sector in one of the leading developing nations in Africa and the Middle-East.
    Furthermore, based on the analysis of the focus groups and interviews the author created a model of four obstacles: work environment realities, managerial practices, bank-related behaviour and meaning-related obstacles. Managing those four obstacles secures a relevant foundation on which banks can develop and maintain a systematic implementation of workplace fun and humour.

    Keywords: Workplace fun, Emancipation theory, Institutional theory, Social exchange theory, Public employees, Public banks, Egypt

    Full-text: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/345309594_How_workplace_fun_is_experienced_in_the_banking_sector_A_qualitative_study

     

     

  • Green Purchase Behaviour of University Students in Hungary: An empirical study

    Naz F., Oláh J, Dinu V., Magda R. (2020). Green Purchase Behaviour of University Students in Hungary: An empirical study. Sustainability  12(23) DOI: 10.3390/su122310077

     

    ABSTRACT

    In this modern age of digitalization, consumers have access to an ample amount of information regarding a product’s quality and benefits, which makes consumers more conscious of their consumption patterns and their impact on social and environmental development. Likewise, marketing strategies have also taken a dramatic leap forward and started focusing on social responsibility, ethics, and environmental protection. The notion of environmental sustainability has created a market niche over several decades and has captured the market of pro-environmental consumers. However, there are still many latent factors that are obstacles to shifting the behavior of consumers towards buying green products. The present study was conducted to recognize factors that affect the consumers behavior when purchasing eco-friendly products. They were collected from 1185 university students in Hungary. To analyze the data, multiple regression and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were used. The results showed that willingness to pay (WTP) and green purchase intention (GPI) are the chief factors that affect the green purchase behavior (GPB) of these students. Environmental knowledge (EK) also has an important and positive impact on the green purchase behavior (GPB) of consumers, although regarding demographic variables, no such influence was noted. To conclude, the study showed that there was no bias in terms of age, gender, or qualification in the behavior of young students, as they have sufficient knowledge of environmental problems and are very willing to pay for environmentally friendly products. This study will create self-awareness among young consumers about their environmentally friendly purchasing behavior. This research will further benefit policymakers and marketers of the EU and Hungary to enhance their marketing strategies to promote their green products and their benefits. Future research can be developed on this theoretical framework and will help academicians to further reduce the research gap by using different constructs and methodologies.

    Keywords: green products; willingness to pay; perceived consumer effectiveness; environmental knowledge; green purchase behavior

    Full text: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/23/10077

     

  • Understanding the Role of Self-Efficacy in Moderating Work-Family Interface and Emotional Exhaustion

    Murtaza G., Mousa M., Roques O., (2020). Understanding the Role of Self-Efficacy in Moderating Work-Family Interface and Emotional Exhaustion. Human Systems Management. DOI: 10.3233/HSM-190785

     

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND:Over the years, an overwhelming amount of studies demonstrate that Work-family conflict is a major source of employees’ stress that may have obvious implications for organizational members.


    OBJECTIVE:This article investigates the effect of the work-family interface among service sector employees’ emotional exhaustion and the moderating role played by self-efficacy (SE). METHOD:Based on the responses of 202 telecom service employees, the authors examine proposed hypotheses through multiple moderated regression analyses.


    RESULTS:The results indicate that work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) were positively related to emotional exhaustion and negatively related to the work-family facilitation (WFF) and family-work facilitation (FWF). Additionally, we identify the potential moderating effect of SE on the relationship between facilitation and exhaustion but find no support for conflict and exhaustion.


    CONCLUSION:Our study findings lend support for one sub-principle of conservation of resource theory, that “gain begets further gain spiral” and enhances wellbeing. Implications for theory and practice regarding service employee management are discussed.

    Keywords: Work-family interface, exhaustion, self-efficacy, personal resource, service employees

  • Gender, workplace fun and organisational inclusion: an empirical study.

    Mousa M., Ayoubi, R. Massoud, H. (2020). Gender, workplace fun and organisational inclusion: an empirical study. EuroMed Journal of Busines  DOI: 10.1108/EMJB-12-2019-0149

     

    Abstract

    Purpose
    This paper addresses nurses working in public hospitals in order to find out how gender may affect their perception of both diversity management and organisational inclusion. Moreover, and given the novelty of workplace fun and the lack of research in this field in the context of developing countries, the authors explore the relationship between diversity management and organisational inclusion and explore workplace fun as a predictor of organisational inclusion.


    Design/methodology/approach
    A total of 360 questionnaires were collected from nurses in three public hospitals in Egypt. The authors applied a t-test to identify how gender may affect perceptions of diversity management. Moreover, the authors employed hierarchical regressions to test gender and diversity management as predictors of organisational inclusion and to test whether workplace fun can predict organisational inclusion, too.

    Findings
    The findings indicate that compared to their male colleagues, female nurses respond to diversity management practices more positively. Second, no significant statistical differences in the mean values for female and male nurses were observed regarding their perceptions of organisational inclusiveness. Third, diversity management is positively associated with organisational inclusion for the nurses. Finally, workplace fun mediates the relationship between diversity management perceptions and organisational inclusion.

    Keywords: organisational inclusion, workplace fun, nurses, Egypt

  • Barriers of organizational inclusion: A study among academics in Egyptian public business schools

    Mousa M., Massoud H., Ayoubi R., Puhakka V.,  (2020). Barriers of organizational inclusion: A study among academics in Egyptian public business schools. Human Systems Management. 39., 251-263 DOI: 10.3233/HSM-190574

     

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: Human resources management and organization studies. This paper investigates the main barriers of organizational inclusion practices of academics in Egyptian higher education institutions, and proposes interventions to enhance academics’ sense of organizational inclusion.


    METHODS: A total of 350 academics were contacted and 245 of them were interviewed in 49 face-to-face focus groups. The interview length for each focus group is about 45 minutes and is conducted in Arabic, the mother tongue of all respondents. Upon conducting the interviews, the authors used thematic analysis to determine the main ideas in the transcripts.


    RESULTS: After carefully analyzing the interviews, the authors of this paper could not identify any adoptable paradigm for the systematic practice of organizational inclusion experienced by academics in the chosen business schools. Moreover, the authors of the present paper have explored some barriers hindering the sense of organizational inclusion among academics and subsequently classified them as cultural, functional and psychological barriers.


    CONCLUSION: The authors propose three prompt managerial interventions for Egyptian public business schools. The first is economic, and proposes a link be created between the financial remuneration of professors and the number of academic theses they supervise. The second is functional, and strongly recommends that units be created for managing foreign educational grants and scholarships. The third is cultural, and proposes that cultural tolerance units be required to manage any discriminatory and unequal opportunity claims. This paper contributes by filling a gap in HR management in the higher education sector, in which empirical studies on the practices of organizational inclusion have been limited so far.

    Keywords: Inclusion, organizational inclusion, business schools, Egypt

    Full text: https://bit.ly/38c9aUD

     

  • The CSR perception of front-line employees of luxury fashion businesses

    MacGregor, K.R., Sroka, W., MacGregor Pelikánová, R. (2020), The CSR perception of front-line employees of luxury fashion businesses, Organizacija, 53(3) 198-211. DOI: 10.2478/orga-2020-0013

     

    Abstract

    Background and Purpose: The sustainability projected into Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is pivotal for luxury fashion businesses and they heavily refer to it. However, do their front-line employees follow this trend? To achieve an effective and efficient CSR, the front-line employees have to share the CSR perception advanced by their businesses. The main objective of the study is to discover, critically assess and compare the CSR perception of the front-line employees of the top luxury fashion industry businesses located in Prague, Czech Republic.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: An investigative case study of the CSR approach of such employees of all ten top luxury fashion businesses in Prague is performed while using a holistic Meta-Analysis, a manual Delphi method and three rounds of interviews, along with mystery shopping techniques.

    Results: The heterogenous conglomerate of data reveals: (i) problematic awareness of these employees, (ii) their ignorance of the legal setting, (iii) an imbalance and preferential focus, along with ignorance of certain CSR categories, (iv) direct and indirect contradictions and (v) a preoccupation with the fur issue.

    Conclusions: This alarming inconsistencies and ambiguity have strong implications for both science and practice, they call for more studies, a deeper understanding of causes and a prompt correction in order to make the CSR perception of these important inside stakeholders be in line with expectations.

    Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR); EU law; Luxury fashion; Sustainability

    Full article: https://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/orga/53/3/article-p198.xml?language=en&tab_body=pdf-79549


     

  • Effects of rectors’ narcissism on academics silence and commitment in the context of public universities

    Mousa M.; Chaouali, W.; Aboramadan, M.; Ayoubi, R., Abdelgaffar, H. (2020). Effects of rectors narcissism on academics’ silence and commitment in the context of public universities. International Journal of Organizational Analysis. DOI: 10.1108/IJOA-03-2020-2063

     

    Abstract

    Purpose –This paper aims to focus on academic in four public universities located in Egypt to explore theeffect of narcissistic leadership on affective, continuance and normative commitment approaches with andwithout the mediating effect of academics’silence.

    Design/methodology/approach –The authors used a convenience sampling in which academicswere handed a questionnaire form to fill. In total, the authors distributed 280 forms and collected 214completed questionnaire forms. A structural equation was used to determine the effect of narcissisticleadership on the organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative) of academics. Thesame measure was later used to assess the mediating role of the academics’silence on theaforementioned relationship.

    Findings –The authors of this paper found that narcissistic leadership positively associates withacademics’silence. Moreover, their perceptions of the narcissism of their leaders alleviate academics’emotional attachments (affective commitment) and moral obligations (normative commitment) toward theiruniversities, whereas the same perceptions of the narcissism of their leaders have no effect on theircontinuance commitment. Finally, the authors discovered a significant role for academics’silence inmediating the negative relationship between narcissistic leadership and their affective and normativecommitments.

    Keywords: Rectors, Narcissism, Academics, Silence, Commitment, Public universities, Egyp

    Full article: https://bit.ly/38WvYqt

     

  • Trade-offs for optimal energy efficiency of road transportation: Domestic cases of developing countries

    Akbar U., Khan M.A., Akmal M., Toth Naárné Z.E., Oláh J., (2020). Trade-offs for optimal energy efficiency of road transportation: Domestic cases of developing countries. Energies , 13(24), 6538 DOI: 10.3390/en13246538

     

    Abstract

    The increase in domestic transportation in developing countries may adversely affect the energy efficiency of road transportation due to effective productivity and carbon dioxide emissions (CO2). When evaluating quantitatively the countries on the efficiency frontier, poor efficiency can still be seen sometimes due to the slack available in undesirable output measures. This paper uses desirable and undesirable output variables, such as passenger-kilometers (PKM), tones-kilometers (TKM), and carbon dioxide (CO2), to compute the weakly efficient decision-making units (DMUs). The data envelopment analysis (DEA) technology is used to assess the efficiencies of the decision-making units (DMUs), which are countries in our case. Then, the trade-off method with efficient binding surfaces is used to attain the optimal efficiencies of the weakly efficient DMUs. The marginal rates aid this trade-off analysis. Resultantly, such marginal trade-offs do not deteriorate the efficiency of the DMUs below the frontier line. We calculate the maximum change (margin) in a specific variable amount when another variable’s amount is changed. Thus, such a computation gives us different margins, with which each output variable can be a traded off to bring a DMU further toward the closest optimal point possible. The marginal trade-off can help the managers and policymakers in effective decision-making, and it is further recommended to address efficiency damages (by the undesired outputs).

    Keywords: data envelopment analysis; trade-offs; efficiency; road transportations

    Full-text: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/24/6538

     

  • Mobbing and Corporate Social Responsibility: Does the status of the organization ruarantee employee wellbeing and intentions to stay in the job?

    Vveinhardt, J., Sroka W., (2020). Mobbing and Corporate [MS1] Social Responsibility: Does the status of the organization ruarantee employee wellbeing and intentions to stay in the job?. Oeconomia Copernicana 11(4):743–778, DOI: 10.24136/oc.2020.030

     

    Abstract

    Research background: In spite of abundant evidence that Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) contributes to improving the emotional state of employees as stakeholders and can serve as a useful tool for reduction of their turnover in organizations, until now, it remains unclear how the different status of CSR is related to consequences accompanying mobbing. Purpose of the article: This study compares the emotional state and intentions of Polish and Lithuanian organizations? employees who have experienced mobbing with regard to the status of CSR. The paper presents part of the results of a wider study conducted in two neighbouring states, which are exclusively related to the employees? emotional state and employee intentions after experiencing mobbing in the workplace. Methods: The research sample involved 823 respondents employed in Lithuania and Poland. The questionnaire survey was conducted using the questionnaire ?Mobbing as a Psychosocial Stressor in the Organizations Accessing and Implementing Corporate Social Responsibility ? MOB-CSR?. Comparisons are made with regard to and CSR and relate to Lithuania (LT) and Poland (PL), when organisations are divided into three groups: (I) Is CSR; (II) Seeks to be-come CSR and (III) Does not seek to become CSR. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used as the research methods. Findings & Value added: CSR is related to employees? better emotional state and lesser intentions to leave the organisation, but the study revealed unexpected results showing that according to certain parameters, the situation in the organisations seeking CSR was better than in those already declaring this status (e.g. the feeling of hopelessness, reluctance to seek better results, etc.). It is discussed why the results between countries that have similar historical experience and are culturally close differ. The conclusions emphasize the necessity for practitioners and researchers to evaluate the impact of change on employees? emotional state and intentions at different stages of CSR implementation more carefully. Besides, the results revealed a significant impact of the different status of enterprises with regard to CSR on employees? emotional state and intentions to stay in the job. This article contributes to the literature analysing organizational management by filling gaps in empirical research on CSR, mobbing, employees? emotional state and intentions in different cultures.

    Full text: https://bit.ly/35ierIc

     

  • Innovations in Human Resources Management: Instruments to Eliminate Mobbing

    Vveinhardt J., Sroka W., (2020). Innovations in Human Resources Management: Instruments to Eliminate Mobbing. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 2,182-195 DOI: 10.21272/mmi.2020.2-13

     

    Abstract

    Mobbing in employees relationships is a widely researched and analyzed problem, and the concept is still developing. The deliberations mostly concentrate on negative aspects associated with this phenomenon, e.g., deterioration of the relationships between employees, devastating consequences for victims, deterioration of the company’s performance and image. The research on what managerial solutions can help reduce or eliminate the problem is still, however, not very abundant. Also, though many studies confirm the existence of this phenomenon in different sectors of the economy, there is not so much research on mobbing in relationships between employees in the leisure sector organizations. What is equally important, the dysfunction of relationships between employees includes the factors that have a significant impact not only on the quality of communication but also on the services provided in the organizations providing services. Given this fact, this study deals with the prevalence of mobbing in relationships between employees of the leisure sector organizations, distinguishing the most frequent forms of psychological pressure, and shaping the managerial solutions to eliminate the problem. The results of the qualitative research are presented using a semi-structured interview method. The research sample comprises employees of the Lithuanian hotels. The qualitative data analysis was performed using Emic and Etic approaches. The results achieved show that the dynamics of mobbing in the leisure sector organizations can be related to the economic recession, when the number of customers has decreased, corporate earnings shrunk. It affected the staff policy of organizations; it also shows that the relationship between the employees forming within organizations is significantly exposed to external circumstances, the influence of which could be compensated by the change in personnel policy. The originality of this article is presupposed by the fact that a complex, versatile model of managerial solutions designed to eliminate the phenomenon of mobbing is presented as the main result of the studies carried out. Using the proposed model, the practitioners will be able to look at the phenomenon of mobbing from a different angle, and researchers analyzing destructive relationships between the employees will be able to develop strategies of prevention and intervention of mobbing in relationships between employees based on the model.

    Keywords: mobbing, employee relations, human resource management, managerial solutions, qualitative methods, Lithuania

    Full article: https://mmi.fem.sumdu.edu.ua/en/journals/2020/2/193-206

     

  • Problematic Internet Use among youths

    Tomczyk Ł, Stošić L., [MS1] Szyszka M., (2020). Problematic Internet Use among youths, Education Sciences 10(6):161, DOI: 10.3390/educsci10060161

     

    Abstract

    Problematic Internet Use (PIU) has of late come to the major attention of researchers of risky behaviours. For parents and teachers in turn, the various pathological forms of Internet use have become more and more noticeable. In recent years, the operationalisation of the term PIU has also been discussed and attempts to measure its various phenomena have been made. In our study, we used the quantitative method-a diagnostic survey designed on the basis of a tool of the Supreme Audit Office and Scientific and Academic Computer Network (Naukowa i Akademicka Sieć Kompureowa NASK), The survey was conducted in the first half of 2017 in Poland, among 3569 adolescents (median 16, SD = 1.28). The purpose of the research was to investigate the scale of PIU among Polish youths. For most young people, PIU is a major social problem. The majority also declare that more than half of their friends have problems with using electronic media (smartphones and the Internet in particular). On the basis of the data collected, it is estimated that 60% of adolescents use media in a functional way, whereas 40% of young electronic media users show visible PIU symptoms, of which 5% do so at a destructive level (all symptoms). Gender does not co-occur with PIU; however, family structure (where both parents are present), the setting of rules for the use of electronic media, and the place of residence are all protective factors. There is a need for constantly improved tools for measuring PIU, as well as preventive programs focused on developing self-control and helping young people understand their own emotions.

    Keywords: PIU; problematic internet use; pathological internet use; internet addiction; IAD; Poland; youths; adolescent

    Full text: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342173936_Problematic_Internet_Use_among_Youths

     

  • Impact of remittances inflows on trend in country’s exchange rate

    Oleksiv, I., Mirzoieva, D., Shpak, Y., Sroka, W. (2020),  Impact of remittances inflows on trend in country’s exchange rate, 35th IBIMA Conference, 1-2 April 2020, Seville, Spain, pp. 3484-3491

     

    Abstract

    Rapid increase of remittances inflows is inherent for many developing countries. Such inflows affect exchange rate on national currency. Given this fact, the aim of our paper is to analyse the interdependence between remittance inflows and trend of Ukrainian hryvnia exchange rate. The research results of the current article is the model of remittances inflows influence on nominal effective exchange rate of Ukrainian hryvnia built using data from 1996 to 2019 period. We estimate linear regression model with trend component and autoregressive distributive lag model, because of existence of autocorrelation. Research showed that in current situation in Ukrainian economy NEER in previous period (lag 1) depreciates current NEER value as well, as remittances inflows with lag 2. Such results require further investigation as they are contrary to other studies.

    Keywords: remittances, nominal effective exchange rate, balance of payments.

  • Financial Regulation of Public-Private Partnerships: Forms, Models, and Use in Reengineering Conditions

    Kuzmin O., Shpak N., Komarnytska H., Sroka W., Zhezhukha V. (2020), Financial Regulation of Public-Private Partnerships: Forms, Models, and Use in Reengineering Conditions, Proceedings of 35th IBIMA Conference, 1-2 April 2020, Seville, Spain, pp. 3469-3483

     

    Abstract

    One of the key and most problematic areas of interaction between public and private partners in the framework of the public-private partnership model is the sphere of financial relations between the parties. Before participating in a public-private partnership project, both private and public partners must give themselves answers to different questions of a financial and economic nature, most of which are not regulated by national legislation. The purpose of the study is to develop provisions for determining the structure of payments during the implementation of public-private partnership projects in the conditions of reengineering processes of public or private partners. They are based on the game theory tools and take into account options of strategies for private and public partners in the field of financial settlements. Game theory, which formed the basis of the proposed provisions, as well as comparison and systematization were used as research methods. As the result there were developed recommendations for the private partners, which in the framework of the public-private partnerships model have the opportunity to choose the most appropriate absolute value and relative share of initial and periodic payments in the framework of partnership projects depending on willingness to take risks regarding result indicators of the object of such partnership.

    Keywords: Game Theory, Public-Private Partnership, Public Partner, Private Partner

     

  • Sovereign Credit Ratings And Asian Financial Markets

    Pervaiz K., Virglerova Z., Khan M.A., Akbar U., Popp J[MS1] ., (2020). Sovereign Credit Ratings And Asian Financial Markets

     

    Abstract

    Each region/country seeks to become more efficient to gain the confidence of potential investors. Most of the Asian economies are categorized as emerging markets, where the role of financial markets has even become more intensified to provide financial services to increasing economic and financial activities. Asian financial market has momentously suffered during the Asian, and global financial crisis. The mass destruction was mainly caused due to the mounting uncertainty, which spillover throughout the region, where investors lost their confidence. Considering the pivotal economic role of financial markets, and implications evolve due to sovereign credit rating announcements, this study aims to model the role of sovereign credit rating announcements by Standard and Poor’s, and Moody’s on financial market development of the Asian region. For 24 Asian countries/regions, we perform a regression analysis on sovereign credit rating changes based on financial market development index and its factors. The findings of Driscoll Kraay’s robust estimator reveals that improvement in sovereign credit rating score enhances the financial market development in the region. Moreover, we applied several robustness checks, such as alternative estimators, alternative measures, and three sub-dimensions of financial market development. According to the findings from these robustness checks, the positive impact of sovereign credit ratings on financial market development in the region is robust. Unlike prior literature (which is confined to the event study approach), this study utilizes the historical grades to establish the relationship under the standard error clustering approach. Due to the diversity of investors’ speculations, we propose a micro-level extension of the present model to overcome a difference in country policy.

    Keywords: Sovereign credit ratings, financial market development, panel data models, Standard and Poor’s, Moody’s, Asia.

  • Is a CSR Policy an Equally Effective Vaccine Against Workplace Mobbing and Psychosocial Stressors?

    Sroka W.,  Vveinhardt J., (2020). Is a CSR Policy an Equally Effective Vaccine Against Workplace Mobbing and Psychosocial Stressors?, International journal of environmental research and public health. 17(19), 7292 DOI:10.3390/ijerph17197292

     

    Abstract

    In this study, the problem question was raised whether corporate social responsibility (CSR) is/can be an effective tool against workplace mobbing and psychosocial stressors in organizations. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to determine the prevalence of workplace mobbing in Lithuanian and Polish organizations in order to compare in which organizations the manifestation of the phenomenon is the strongest and analyzing psychosocial stressors in parallel. To achieve the purpose, 823 employees of three types of organizations were surveyed. The respondents belonged to organizations that implement the principles of corporate social responsibility, organizations that intend to become socially responsible and organizations that do not implement corporate social responsibility and do not seek to become socially responsible. The empirical study was conducted using the questionnaire “Mobbing as a Psychosocial Stressor in the Organizations Accessing and Implementing Corporate Social Responsibility—MOB-CSR”. This questionnaire is valid and reliable; the correlation relationships between subscales show interconnectedness and statistically reliable relationships. The research results were calculated using the chi-squared test and the linear regression model. Statistically reliable relationships were found between the prevalence of workplace mobbing, psychosocial work stressors and corporate social responsibility. The results of the study show that along with the weakening of variables of corporate social responsibility, the probability of workplace mobbing is increasing but CSR in itself does not ensure the prevention of workplace mobbing in the case of Lithuanian and Polish organizations. If the findings of the study are considered by the managers of organizations, this can affect both employees’ quality of life towards improvement and more transparent/purposeful implementation of corporate social responsibility, i.e., responding to the true meaning of CSR.

    Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility; workplace mobbing; psychosocial stressors; Lithuania; Poland 

    Full-text: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/19/7292

     

  • The effect of integrative trust and innovation on financial performance in a disruptive era

    Oláh J., Hidayat Y.A., Lakner Z., Kovács S., (2020)., The effect of integrative trust and innovation on financial performance in a disruptive era. Economics and Sociology, 13(4)

     

    Abstract

    This study hopes to contribute to understanding how integrated trust and innovation affects financial performance. Our objectives can therefore be stated as follows. The first is to examine the influence of institutional trust on interpersonal trust and inter-organisational trust. Subsequently, the study investigates the effect of interpersonal trust on enhancing inter-organisational trust. The third purpose is to study the influence of inter-organisational trust on financial performance through innovation as a mediating variable. The study implemented 103 samples of ICT Companies in Hungary. The Partial Least Square (PLS) – Structural Equation Model verified the hypotheses in the research model. The results show that there appears to be a positive association between institutional trust and interpersonal trust. Institutional trust has a positive influence on interorganizational trust, thus interpersonal trust positively affects inter-organizational trust. This study also claims that the effects of inter-organizational trust and innovation are particularly prominent and noticeable, with significant consequences for financial performance. Here we present tests that showed that interpersonal trust performed a complementary role, but innovation failed as a mediating variable. The primary suggestion we make concerns strategies to manage interpersonal trust and a favorable sense of confidence within a company. The company should also assertively maintain trust in customers and suppliers.

    Keywords: Transaction Cost, Institutional Trust, Interpersonal Trust, Intra-organizational Trust, Innovation, Financial Performance, PLS-SEM, ICT Company, Hungary

  • Implementation of circular economy in Ukraine: context of European integration

    Shpak N., Kuzmin O., Melnyk O., Ruda M., Sroka W. (2020), Implementation of circular economy in Ukraine: context of European integration, Resources, 9(8), 96 DOI: 10.3390/resources9080096

     

    Abstract

    The current model of resource management mainly contributes to mass short-term consumption, which creates an unstable and extremely critical situation on the planet. Going beyond the traditional industrial model of Take-Make-Waste, the circular economy aims to reduce waste (and therefore minimize costs) and to redefine sustainable development. This entails a gradual separation of economic activity from the consumption of scarce resources and the removal of waste from the system. In order to foreground the principles of a circular economy in Ukraine, this study analyzes its benefits based on the relevant experience of the EU. The paper also presents the results of research and content analysis on the situation of waste management in Ukraine and compares the trends using key indicators. The core of the paper is developing a conceptual model of making and coordinating management decisions on the implementation of business projects in the context of a circular economy in Ukraine. A multifactor model (the Farrar–Glauber method was further developed) has been built by identification of the main factors, i.e., the volume of generated waste from economic activity per unit of GDP at constant prices, emissions of pollutants, and capital investments for the protection of the environment. Factor coefficients indicate how many units will change the resultant trait Y, measured in thousand tonnes, if one of them changes by 1 (each in units of measure). It means that if the volume of waste generated from economic activity per unit of GDP at constant 2011 purchasing power parity (PPP) prices decreases by 1 kg/$1000, waste management of I–IV classes will be reduced by 952,737 thousand tonnes. The approbated model can be used to analyze the situation with recycling in the EU countries, considering the amount of capital investment in environmental protection. 

    Keywords: waste management; recycling; responsible consumption; circular economy; European integration

    Full-text: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-9276/9/8/96

     

  • The Usage of Modern Instruments of Business Planning Administration for Small Enterprises: A Case Study Analysis

    Nestor S., Naychuk-Khrushch M.B., Kohut U., Honchar  M., Sroka W., (2020).  The Usage of Modern Instruments of Business Planning Administration for Small Enterprises: A Case Study Analysis. Central European Business Review. 9. 20-42. DOI: 10.18267/j.cebr.227

     

    Abstract

    Small and medium-sized enterprises are an important part of the economy of every country. These enterprises operate in a highly competitive environment and are especially exposed to rapid changes in the business environment. Therefore, one of the most important issues which they face is effective business planning (BP), especially in relation to the projects which they carry out. This is because business planning provides an opportunity to take the risks inherent in the activities of an enterprise into account and providing coordination of the production and economic processes. Given these facts, our study analyses the process of business planning administration in small enterprises. Its main aim is to develop methodological recommendations for the administration of business planning processes through the utilization of innovative tools. It should simplify the business planning of projects and make it more relevant and effective. The administration of business planning is presented as a complex process which is modelled with the utilization of a roadmapping approach. We suggest using the business canvas as one of the milestones of the model, which is especially suitable for the visualization of future business plans. A single case study analysis based on the private company Gal-Exim PC and its innovation project planning was chosen as the research method. The companys core business and main innovation projects are in sphere of commercial real estate operations. Our analysis confirmed that the proposed model may be regarded as an effective instrument of BP in small enterprises. It has a universal nature and therefore may be utilized in other companies as well. Implications for Central European audience: Our study is based on the most modern world trends and practical research in sphere of business planning. The proposed model has a universal nature and may be easily implemented in any European small or medium-sized companies. The proposed roadmap of business planning administration includes instruments which are accessible and may be used by companies regardless of the region. We deliberately based our analysis on the company which provides a variety of innovative projects with utilization of European and world trends in sphere of commercial real estate operations, thus we assume that the suggested study may make a positive contribution to the Central European business environment generally.

    Keywords: business planning administration; business plan; business canvas; management; feasibility study; road mapping

    Full article: https://ideas.repec.org/a/prg/jnlcbr/v2020y2020i1id227p20-42.html

     

  • Modern Trends of Customs Administrations Formation Best European Practices and a Unified Structure

    Nestor S., Melnyk O., Adamiv M., Sroka W., (2020). Modern Trends of Customs Administrations Formation Best European Practices and a Unified Structure. NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy XIII. 189-211 DOI: 10.2478/nispa-2020-0008

     

    Abstract

    The ambiguous trends in international trade in 2019 and the forecast for 2020 enhance the functional role of the customs bodies in every country. That is because the customs system largely determines the ease of conducting international trade, the security of international supply chains and economic development of the countries. Though many developed countries have been able to form progressive customs systems, there are still countries that are in the process of reforming customs administrations and require a unified conceptual approach to build their customs systems. Given this fact the goal of our study is to analyze current trends in the development of the international customs systems and on the basis of it to identify the main and support functions of customs administration. Based on the principle of the best practices, the countries with the best customs administrations according to WTO data, i.e. France, Germany, the Netherlands, Lithuania and Poland were selected for analysis. We analyzed the positions of these countries in the leading international rankings, the key quantitative indicators of their customs activity and the peculiarities of the organizational construction of the customs authorities by functional principle. As the result, based on the use of systematic, dynamic and topologically substantive approaches and results of research, we developed a unified conceptual structure of the customs administration. In particular, the main functions (i.e. control, security and fiscal) and support functions (i.e. regulatory, administration, communication, service, information and statistical subsystems, resource support subsystem and international cooperation) were proposed. The proposed structure is intended to be used by representatives of the customs authorities in different countries throughout the world.

    Keywords: Customs administrations; globalization and integration trends; customs functions; customs and trade environment; unified functional structure

    Full article: https://content.sciendo.com/configurable/contentpage/journals$002fnispa$002f13$002f1$002farticle-p189.xml?tab_body=pdf-79549

     

  • A Blind Man Leads a Blind Man? Personalised Nutrition-Related Attitudes, Knowledge and Behaviours of Fitness Trainers in Hungary

    Anna Kiss, Laura Pfeiffer, József Popp, Judit Oláh, Zoltán Lakner „A Blind Man Leads a Blind Man? Personalised Nutrition-Related Attitudes, Knowledge and Behaviours of Fitness Trainers in Hungary”, Nutrients 12(3):663 · February 2020, DOI: 10.3390/nu12030663

     

    Abstract

    It is well-documented that fitness trainers could play an important role in the nutrition-related behaviour of their clients based on their personalised nutrition-related counselling activities, but there are considerable concerns all over the world about the level of their knowledge to become nutritional coaches. In the framework of the current study based on qualitative (focus-group interviews) and quantitative (questionnaire and analysis of responses by multivariable methods, as well as structural equation modelling) methods, it has been proven that (1) theoretically, both the trainers and the dietitians acknowledge the importance of cooperation in the optimisation of coaching efficiency and advisory work due to some “professional jealousness” and differences in professional background, as well as in culture, so it is hard to find a common platform for cooperation, especially in market segments characterised by relative low levels of purchasing power; (2) due to lack of regulation, there is a high heterogeneity of professional competences of trainers in general and their nutritional competences, in particular; (3) the majority of trainers do not have an objective picture on his/her effective nutritional knowledge, and they often offer a much wider scope of services (e.g., nutritional counselling for clients with chronic diseases) which are well beyond their professional knowledge and (4) the dietary guidelines have not become an integral part of professional knowledge, even at the level of specialists. To improve the current—in some cases, dangerous—situation, the following steps should be taken: (1) enhancement of the level of professional qualification of future trainers, integrating the practice-oriented approaches and emphasising the role of teamwork by simulation-based practices; (2) highlighting in a clear way the professional and ethical boundaries of the activities of trainers and (3) working out an efficient incentive system for the continuous professional development of trainers.

    Keywords: coaches; dietary counselling; gym; focus group; personalised nutrition; structural equation modelling

    Full text https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/3/663/htm

     

     

     

  • Current landscape and influence of big data on finance

    Md. Morshadul Hasan, József Popp, Judit Oláh; „Current landscape and influence of big data on finance”, Computer Science, Business; Journal of Big Data; 2020, Article number: 21 (2020), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40537-020-00291-z

     

    Abstract

    Big data is one of the most recent business and technical issues in the age of technology. Hundreds of millions of events occur every day. The financial field is deeply involved in the calculation of big data events. As a result, hundreds of millions of financial transactions occur in the financial world each day. Therefore, financial practitioners and analysts consider it an emerging issue of the data management and analytics of different financial products and services. Also, big data has significant impacts on financial products and services. Therefore, identifying the financial issues where big data has a significant influence is also an important issue to explore with the influences. Based on these concepts, the objective of this paper was to show the current landscape of finance dealing with big data, and also to show how big data influences different financial sectors, more specifically, its impact on financial markets, financial institutions, and the relationship with internet finance, financial management, internet credit service companies, fraud detection, risk analysis, financial application management, and so on. The connection between big data and financial-related components will be revealed in an exploratory literature review of secondary data sources. Since big data in the financial field is an extremely new concept, future research directions will be pointed out at the end of this study.

    full text https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40537-020-00291-z

     

  • Workplace mobbing in Polish and Lithuanian organisations with regard to corporate Social Responsibility

    Włodzimierz Sroka, Jolita Vveinhardt „Workplace mobbing in Polish and Lithuanian organisations with regard to corporate Social Responsibility”,  International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(8)(2944), · April 2020, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17082944

     

    Abstract

    The ‘mobbing’ phenomenon is regarded as the actions or behaviour referring to an employee or directed against an employee, comprising persistent and drawn-out harassment or intimidation of that employee. This phenomenon causes substantial negative workplace consequences, but, above all, one should stress the consequences for the victims, which are devastating. This has been observed in a variety of organisations, regardless of the sector and country. Given these facts, the purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of workplace mobbing in Polish and Lithuanian organisations with regard to corporate social responsibility (CSR). The research sample included a group of 823 entities operating in both countries in both the private and public sectors (410 from Lithuania and 413 from Poland). A closed-type questionnaire was used in the survey. Several research methods including factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha, Spearman–Brown, factor loading, and total item correlation were used in our study. The results achieved showed that there were both similarities as well as differences between the analysed organisations. More specifically, our research revealed that: (1) Employee attitude to CSR depends on the company’s sector of activity and the country; (2) In Poland, workplace mobbing is more prevalent in the public sector than in the private, whilst in Lithuania there were no substantial differences; (3) Organisations that implemented the CSR concept showed less imposed mobbing prevalence; and (4) Employees who faced mobbing in the workplace had worse relationships with clients and users of the company’s services/products.

    Link: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/8/2944/htm

     

  • Assessment of High-Speed Rail Service Coverage in Municipalities of Peninsular Spain

    José Manuel Naranjo Gómez 1,2,3,* , Rui Alexandre Castanho 3,4,5,6 , José Cabezas Fernández 3,6 and Luís Carlos Loures 3,7,8; Assessment of High-Speed Rail Service Coverage in Municipalities of Peninsular Spain, Infrastructures 2020, 5(2), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures5020011

     

    Abstract

    The Spanish transportation and housing infrastructure plan has planned that in 2024 all provincial capitals in peninsular Spain are to be connected by high-speed rail lines. Nowadays, 35 stations are already operational. These stations and the roads to access them are very important, as these are the only access points for travelers to benefit from the high railway speed. The goal of this study is to evaluate the railway coverage of high-speed services in Spanish peninsular municipalities in 2018 and planned for 2024. A methodology and research tools related to accessibility from municipalities to stations have been used, based on Geographic information Systems. An interaction model was used based on the floating catchment area in three steps. The resulting thematic maps and the analysis of the number of municipalities and the resident population is based on the degree of coverage in 2018. Likewise, in 2024 almost all of the municipalities are planned to have high high-speed railway coverage, these being the most densely populated. The analysis allowed us to present a detailed view of the problem; a methodology and a specific application framework are offered to make the high-speed rail services in Spain more equitable. 

    Keywords: floating catchment area in three steps; railway stations of high-speed lines; sustainable and equity planning; territorial accessibility; territorial governance and management

    Link: https://www.mdpi.com/2412-3811/5/2/11

  • Narcissistic Leadership, Employee Silence, and Organizational Cynicism: A Study of Physicians in Egyptian Public Hospitals

    Mohamed Mousa , Hala a Abdelgaffar, Mohammed Aboramadan,  Walid Chaouali, Narcissistic Leadership, Employee Silence, and Organizational Cynicism: A Study of Physicians in Egyptian Public Hospitals, International Journal of Public Administration,

     

    ABSTRACT

    This paper focuses on physicians in four public hospitals located in Egypt to explore the effect of narcissistic leadership on cognitive, affective and behavioral cynicism dimensions with and without the mediating effect of physician silence.The authors employed a convenience sampling in which every physician was handed a questionnaire form to fill. This targeted a decrease in the likelihood of research bias. In total, the authors distributed 320 forms and collected 229 completed questionnaires forms. The structural equation was employed to determine the effect of narcissistic leadership on physicians’ organizational cynicism dimensions (cognitive, affective and behavioral). The same equation was later employed to assess the mediating role of the physicians’ silence on the aforementioned relationship. The authors found that narcissistic leadership has a positive effect on physicians’ silence. Moreover, physicians’ perceptions of the narcissism of their leaders stimulate their cynicism behavior and negative feelings towards these narcissists. Lastly, the authors discovered a significant role for physicians’ silence in mediating the relationship between narcissistic leadership and physicians’ cognitive, affective and behavioral cynicism.

    KEYWORDS: Narcissistic leadership, employee silence, organizational cynicism, physicians, Egypt

    Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/01900692.2020.1758719

  • The Level and Dynamics of Economic Development Versus Employment Structures in Economic Sectors and Sections in EU Countries

    Strahl Danuta,  The Level and Dynamics of Economic Development Versus Employment Structures in Economic Sectors and Sections in EU Countries, Proceedings of the 35th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 

     

    Abstract

    The purpose of the paper is to assess the relationship between the level and dynamics of economic development expressed in GDP per capita, and the employment structure in clusters of EU states in 2008 and 2018. These clusters are formed on the basis of two criteria: the employment share in economic sectors (Agriculture, forestry and fishing, mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply and construction; Services) and the employment share in industry sections of various technological advancement, and in knowledge intensive services. The clustering of countrie was obtained by complete linkage method. The average GDP per capita and GDP dynamics were compared between these clusters of countries. The procedure proposed in the paper made it possible to: identify clusters of EU states with similar employment structures in selected sectors and sections, and assess the relationship between the analysed structures and the level and dynamics of economic development.

    Keywords: Employment, Structures, Sectors, Sections, EU States, Level Of Development, Clustering

  • Energy Efficiency in Transportation along with the Belt and Road Countries

    Usman Abkar, József Popp, Hameed Khan, Muhammad Asif Khan, Judit Oláh  "Energy Efficiency in Transportation along with the Belt and Road Countries", Energies 2020, 13(10), 2607 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en13102607

     

    Abstract

    China’s huge investment in the “belt and road initiative” (BRI) may have helped improve the economic level of participating countries, but it may also be accompanied by a substantial increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The BRI corridors aim to bring regional stability and prosperity. In such efforts, energy efficiency due to increased transport has been overlooked in the recent literature. This paper employed a data envelopment analysis of the slack-based measurement (SBM) for bad output to assess the transport energy efficiency of 19 countries under the BRI economic corridors. By using the most cited transport-related input variables, such as vehicles, labor, motor oil, jet fuel, and natural gas, this study first analyzes the transport energy efficiency by first assuming the output variables individually and then takes two years as a pre- and post-BRI case by considering the aggregated output model. The results show an increase in economic activity but a decline in transport energy efficiency in terms of consumption and emissions. 

    Keywords: transport energy; data envelopment analysis (DEA); slack-based measurement; economic corridors; belt and road initiative

    Link: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/10/2607/htm

  • Identifying Processes of Smart Planning, Governance and Management in European Border Cities. Learning from City-to-City Cooperation (C2C)

    Rui Alexandre Castanho,"Identifying Processes of Smart Planning, Governance and Management in European Border Cities. Learning from City-to-City Cooperation (C2C)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(19), pages 1-15, October (2019) 

     

    Abstract

    Nowadays, especially in a European environment, it is almost given that border cities cooperate, or should cooperate. Nevertheless, several obstacles are jeopardizing the cities cooperation prosperity. Therefore, the understanding of most of the factors and processes possible involved in the success or failure of Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) strategies and projects are pivotal to seek long-lasting territorial sustainability. Contextually, the study enables to identify three most influential factors and processes that should be considered to achieve territorial sustainability of CBC projects of City-to-City Cooperation (C2C) from a political-strategic perspective, being: Connectivity—movement between cities; political commitment; and the developing of common planning master plans.

    Keywords: borderlands; cooperation; smart planning; sustainable development; territorial governance and management 1. Introduction The times we are living need methods and opened and integrative politics to face the problems and

    link: https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/jsusta/v11y2019i19p5476-d273114.html

     

  • Influence of leadership style on employees’ innovative activity

    Dacko-Pikiewicz Z., Zabolotniaia M., Cheng Z. "Influence of leadership style on employees’ innovative activity"  Polish Journal of Management Studies, 2019, Vol. 20, No. 1, pages 478-496  DOI 10.17512/pjms.2019.20.1.41

     

    Abstrakt

    The aim of this research is to identify leadership styles that stimulate innovation at universities in China and Russia. The interviews were conducted with 116 respondents (managers and teachers), whose answers were ranked based on the Saaty scale. Then, answers were presented in the form of rating tables of leadership actions that promote and impede innovation. The results were analyzed in terms of Likert theory and Hofstede theory, which allowed the authors to identify the most effective leadership style for the managers of Chinese and Russian universities. Results show that the correction of the leader’s actions can stimulate innovation, as well as meet the expectations and needs of employees if managers and subordinates assess differently the importance of the work process aspects. An authoritative leadership style will help maintain trust within the team and prevent a significant removal of the leader from the immediate daily work process, which provokes a deepening of the difference in assessments of further innovative management and development.

    Keywords: leadership styles, innovative activity, innovation, university  

    Link: http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/yadda/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-34f09d17-4fc1-450e-86b3-1e8159b6548d

     

  • Main Problems of Railway Cross-Border Transport Between Poland, Germany and Czech Republic

    Gamon Wojciech, Naranjo Gómez José Manuel, Main Problems of Railway Cross-Border Transport Between Poland, Germany and Czech Republic, Sustainability, 2019 11 (18): 4900; DOI: 10.3390/su11184900

     

    Abstract

    Railway cross-border transport is a special case of railway transport, which, due to the necessity of crossing the state border, raises many difficulties. They result from factors, among which the most important are other power systems, control systems, a variety of regulations regarding traffic management or even problems with communication, resulting from the different languages. These difficulties involve a number of consequences for the fluency and efficiency of transportation, but more importantly, have negative effects on safety. The article describes the main problems of cross-border transport on the example of Poland and two neighbouring countries (Germany and Czech Republic), which are also members of the European Union. For this purpose, in cooperation with the Polish railway undertakings, an analysis was carried out of processes conducted by these in the field of cross-border transport and identifies the main problems in this area. As part of the conducted research, potential solutions and improvements were also proposed. The article focuses solely on the issues of crossing the border and manoeuvring operations at stations close to the German and Czech borders, inasmuch as these processes constitute the largest area of activity of Polish railway undertakings within the framework of rail cross-border transport.

    Keywords: railway; cross-border; transport

    Link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335692890_Main_Problems_of_Railway_CrossBorder_Transport_Between_Poland_Germany_and_Czech_Republic

  • Can Cross-Border Healthcare Be Sustainable? An Example from the Czech-Austrian Borderland

    Böhm Hynek, Kurowska-Pysz Joanna, Can Cross-Border Healthcare Be Sustainable? An Example from the Czech-Austrian Borderland,  Sustainability 2019  11 (24); DOI: 10.3390/su11246980

     

    Abstract

    Cross-border public services are considered to be one of the possible tools to eliminate the periphery position of border regions. The Czech part of the Gmünd/České Velenice divided twin town faces the problem of very distant healthcare, as the closest hospital on its side of the border is at around a 50 min car-drive, whereas the hospital in Austrian Gmünd is within several minutes reach. This paper analyses whether cross-border healthcare provision could help to eliminate this problem. It describes the EU legislative framework for the cross-border healthcare provision and states that it has been rather underused until now, with a minor exception of the situation between European Communities’ founding members. In the Gmünd/České Velenice context, the functional partnership run by the Lower Austria as the key actor was created. Its ability to use the INTERREG programme has helped to create conditions for a sustainable cross-border healthcare, but only as a partial solution restricted on an outpatient care. The main identified barriers are of administrative nature. To a partial surprise of authors, the mental barrier plays a minor role and could be overcome by systemic measures implemented by partners of this initiative.

    Keywords: Czech-Austrian cross-border cooperation; healthcare; twin towns; cross-border public services; EU funds

    Link: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/24/6980

  • Metropolitan Electricity Purchasing Group - case study

    Mucha-Kuś K., „Metropolitan Electricity Purchasing Group - case study”; Proceedings of the 34th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 13-14 November 2019

     

    Abstract

    The article is of research nature. The purpose of the work is to identify coopetition in Metropolitan Electricity Purchasing Group run by GZM Metropolis, Poland, as well as to define its types. An indepth analysis of case study allowed to achieve the aim and list the benefits of coopetition additionally. Based on the application of this method, the following conclusions were obtained:

    1) there is coopetition in Metropolitan Electricity Purchasing Group which is: horizontal - occurring between competitors on the market, deliberate - aware and formalized, network - more than two participants involved and complex – referring to more than one link in the value chain,

    2) unanimity among coopetitors is crucial for project success. The recommendations may be useful not only for the purchasing groups but also for decision-makers of other coopetitive projects.

    Keywords: coopetition, purchasing group, metropolis

  • Inter-organizational cooperation and innovative activity of enterprises in Poland: evidence from a panel data analysis

    Grzegorz Kądzelawski, Justyna Łapaj "Inter-organizational cooperation and innovative activity of enterprises in Poland: evidence from a panel data analysis”; Proceedings of the 34th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 13-14 November 2019 Madrit, Spain 

     

    Abstract

    The aim of this study is to test the influence of inter-organizational cooperation of the innovative activity of enterprises operating in Poland. For that purpose, an econometric panel data model was developed. The conducted study has shown that the factor which significantly and positively influences the innovative activity of enterprises in Poland is cooperation they undertake with other
    entities, i.e. other businesses and non-commercial institutions, such as universities or research centers. The findings of the analyses performed in the course of this paper confirmed that another significant factor encouraging business innovation is the fact that many enterprises engage in cooperation in the form of cluster initiatives.

    Keywords: Inter-organizational cooperation, innovative activity, panel data, Poland.

     

  • Exploring the Role of Innovation in Academic Entrepreneurship

    Zbigniew J. Makieła,  Magdalena M.Stuss, Katarzyna Szczepańska-Woszczyna "Exploring the Role of Innovation in Academic Entrepreneurship"; Proceedings of the 34th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 13-14 November 2019, Madrid, Spain

     

    Abstract

    Academic entrepreneurship is increasingly a necessity in the development of universities. It is an important source of innovation as well as business necessity for the university. In practice, there are many varieties and models of academic entrepreneurship, and the choice of a specific solution determines the specificity of the university. The aim of the paper is to explore the area of innovation activity of academic entrepreneurship in Poland. The authors aim to analyse factors which affect the development of academic entrepreneurship. The research was a case study of the best Polish universities.

    Keywords: academic entrepreneurship, academic enterprises, knowledge management by university, spin off enterprises, spin out enterprises

     

     

  • Mathematical Model of the MRP Method in the Structure of a Reference Model of Enterprise Process Control Systems

    Mirosław Zaborowski, Mathematical Model of the MRP Method in the Structure of a Reference Model of Enterprise Process Control Systems; Proceedings of the 34th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 13-14 November 2019, Madrid, Spain.

     

    Abstract

    The purpose of the work is to give a representative example of adequacy of the information-decision model of enterprise process control (EntPC) systems as the reference model of integrated proces management and direct control systems. This model, in the form of UML class diagrams, has been proposed by the author in his previous publications. The first reason to begin a research work for creating it was a need of such a model in which one can test various alternative decision making algorithms without changing the structure of an enterprise management system as a whole. As the example the MRP algorithm, which is a core element of all ERP systems, is chosen. The study presents a mathematical model and algorithm of the MRP method, as well as an example of MRP calculations. The model is shown in the form of difference equations representing the dynamics of material flow. It was developed by the author on the basis of a detailed verbal description given by Orlicky J. in his well-known monograph. It was shown that the product structure graph and the bill of material file from the MRP method correspond in the EntPC reference model to the structure of business processes performed in a manufacturing plant. 

    Furthermore, variable attributes of planned orders, e.g. gross requirements, planned order quantities, planned order releases, have been presented as attributes of business activities instances, which are objects of classes belonging to the EntPC reference model.

    Keywords: integrated management systems, self-controlling business processes, reference models, material requirements planning

     

  • Does Gender Diversity Affect Workplace Happiness for Academics? The Role of Diversity Management and Organizational Inclusion

    Mohamed Mousa, "Does Gender Diversity Affect Workplace Happiness for Academics? The Role of Diversity Management and Organizational Inclusion", Public Organization Review 2020, http://doi.org/10.1007/s11115-020-00479-0

     

    Abstract

    The author investigated the relationship between gender diversity and organizational inclusion and moved forward to examine whether gender diversity, diversity management and organizational inclusion predict workplace happiness by collecting 320 questionnaires from academics in three public universities in Egypt. A t-test was used to identify how gender may affect perceptions of diversity management and organizational inclusion. Hierarchical regressions were applied to test whether gender diversity, diversity management, and organizational inclusion can predict workplace happiness. The findings showed no relationship between gender diversity and organizational inclusion, and the authors confirmed that gender diversity, diversity management, and organizational inclusion can effectively predict workplace happiness. Theoretical and empirical implications are discussed at the end of the paper.

    link: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11115-020-00479-0

     

  • Innovation Management in Polish Transport in the Industry 4.0 Perspective

    Miśkiewicz Radosław, Szczepańska-Woszczyna Katarzyna, Innovation Management in Polish Transport in the Industry 4.0 Perspective, Proceedings of the 34th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 13-14 November 2019, Madrid, Spain

     

    Abstract

    The transport like any kind of market with a typical business regulation mechanism, performs manyimportant functions for all participants in the process of exchanging transport services. Thisconviction contained in the White Papers (2001, 2011) led to building a common doctrine of transport development in the EU. In Poland, in the period of transformation and in the following years, the process of learning good practice in innovation management in the transport is visible. By trial and error, the system of legal regulations of transport, the reconstruction of existing infrastructure and the implementation of innovation management processes in transport companies structural and organizational changes, control systems and the systems of building the state transport policy were updated, which was reflected in the Transport Development Strategy. 

    The aim of the paper is to present the current organizational status of Polish transport and to indicate innovative solutions that aim to eliminate development barriers that impede the implementation of solutions resulting from the P4 concept. It is a review based on literary research by means of the method of analysis and criticism of the literature in Polish and English.

    Keywords: innovation, innovation management in transport, transport structure, transport management, telematics systems, IT in transport

  • Trends in the Economic Efficiency of Polish Power Generation Companies

    Zamasz Krzysztof, Trends in the Economic Efficiency of Polish Power Generation Companies, Proceedings of the 34th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 13-14 November 2019, Madrid, Spain

     

    Abstract

    Organisational, legal and structural changes in the power sector resulted in an increased risk of power companies in Poland. In particular, this applies to the power generation sub-sector, which is most exposed to a number of risks, including investment risks. The liberalization of the market and the introduction of competition made that revenues from the sale of energy ceased to be guaranteed in any way, among others due to the fact that long-term contracts were banned. Companies generating
    power in conventional units must now compete not only with other producers, but also with units based on renewable energy sources and controllable reception.??? In Poland, the intensification of this problem may soon lead to the situation observed in the German market, where producers are forced to accept drastically lower or even negative electricity prices at selected times in order to avoid the frequent switching off and on of power generating units, leading to the deterioration of their
    service life. It should also be noted that power companies are obliged to fulfill a number of obligations imposed on them by regulations directly affecting their economic results. The purpose of the paper is to analyse the economic efficiency of selected power companies operating in Poland in the period 2003-2018. In the research process, the author used statistical and descriptive methods and real options analysis.

    Keywords: economic efficiency, power sector, power company, Poland.

  • Sustainable development goals and SMEs decisions: Czech Republic vs. Poland

    Dr  Jarmila Šebestová, Dr Włodzimierz Sroka, Sustainable development goals and SMEs decisions: Czech Republic vs. Poland, Journaf of Eastern European and Cerntral Asian Research, Vol 7, No I (2020) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15549/jeecar.v7i1.418

     

    Abstract 

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are a “major engine” of economic growth and socioeconomic development, and reaching many sustainable development goals (SDG). They should make the SDGs a prominent selling point to demonstrate why consumers should buy from them to reduce waste and enhance recycling. If a consumer sees an SME engaged in the SDGs (goal 8,9 and 12), it will be motivated for further support. Given these facts the paper compares Czech and Polish approaches to the circular economy by quantitative evaluation based on primary research (Czechia, 210 respondents) and qualitative context comparison in Poland. Our research has confirmed that there are differences in both countries in relation to the sustainable development goals, with SMEs decisions in the Czech SMEs sector being on level business sustainability 1.0, and that in Poland being below 1. Additionally, Czech entrepreneurs have more knowledge and practice in “green” methods than do Poland’s.

    Keywords: circular economy, recycling, sustainable business, waste management

    Link: https://www.ieeca.org/journal/index.php/JEECAR/article/view/418

  • The Level and Dynamics of Economic Development Versus Employment Structures in Economic Sectors and Sections in EU Countries

    Danuta Strahl, The Level and Dynamics of Economic Development Versus Employment Structures in Economic Sectors and Sections in EU Countries, Proceedings of the 35th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 1-2 April, 2019, Seville, Spain

     

    Abstract

    The purpose of the paper is to assess the relationship between the level and dynamics of economic development expressed in GDP per capita, and the employment structure in clusters of EU states in 2008 and 2018. These clusters are formed on the basis of two criteria: the employment share in economic sectors (Agriculture, forestry and fishing, mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply and construction; Services) and the employment share in industry sections of various technological advancement, and in knowledgeintensive services. The clustering of countrie was obtained by complete linkage method.

    The average GDP per capita and GDP dynamics were compared between these clusters of countries. The procedure proposed in the paper made it possible to: identify clusters of EU states with similar employment structures in selected sectors and sections, and assess the relationship between the analysed structures and the level and dynamics of economic development.

    Keywords: Employment, Structures, Sectors, Sections, EU States, Level Of Development, Clustering

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